An application of induced seismicity data analysis for detection of spatial structures and temporal regimes of deformation processes in hydrocarbon fields. Induced seismic activity attributed to a range of human activities has been documented since at. Home stanford center for induced and triggered seismicity. Mechanism of reservoir induced seismicity, koyna, monticello reservoir, lake mead. Itoiz reservoir in centralwestern pyrenees, spain, a region of lowlevel ambient seismicity, was the location of a m 4. Theories of the physical processes leading to the stimulation of seismic activity by underground explosions, fluid injection, and reservoir impoundment are summarized. In this work, some of the latest advantages in the field of induced seismicity are concentrated for mininginduced mis, reservoirinduced ris, injectioninduced iis and extractioninduced eis seismicity. Department of earth sciences kfupm introduction to seismology reservoir induced seismicity reading assignment.
Induced seismicity refers to typically minor earthquakes and tremors that are caused by human activity that alters the stresses and strains on the earths crust. Download textbooks for free ipad unconventional reservoir. However, they all are supposed to supply a synthetic catalogue of induced seismicity. Because the earths surface is a free surface, one of the principal stresses is. The first case of reservoirinduced seismicity occurred in 1932 in algerias oued fodda dam. Reservoirinduced seismicity in high seismicity regiona case study of the xiaowan.
The induced seismicity is observed both beneath the deepest part of the reservoir and in the surrounding areas. Shale gas, tight oil, and induced seismicity english version. Abstract in most cases of reservoirinduced seismicity, seismicity follows the impoundment, large lakelevel changes, or filling at a later time above the highest water level achieved until then. Download the factsheet for more information on reservoirinduced seismicity, including key case studies of potential ris sites, quotes from leading seismologists, and a list of.
There are now over 70 known cases of reservoir induced earthquakes. Induced seismicitty intersection science public regulation examination of possibly induced seismicity from hydraulic fracturing in the eola field, garvin county, oklahoma earthquakehazardassociatedwithdeepwellinjection epa actions on induced seismicity induced seismicity associated with energy applications issues, status, challenges, needs. This site is like a library, use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. There is a wide range of models that aim at forecasting induced seismicity. Modelling is required for each geological setting in order to adopt the safety pressures in each reservoir preventing induced seismicity with damaging magnitude by industrial activities e. Download textbooks for free ipad unconventional reservoir geomechanics. The location of the seismicity is governed by the nature of faulting below and near the reservoir.
It is widely accepted that impoundment of reservoirs, mining, oil and gas exploration and production, including injecting fluids to the subsurface and extracting oil and gas from the underground, are related to. Since the publication of the first dams and earthquakes in 1976, the phenomenon of reservoir induced seismicity ris is more widely understood. Effective monitoring of reservoirinduced seismicity. Mechanism of reservoirinduced seismicity, koyna, monticello reservoir, lake mead. Reservoir induced earthquakes, volume 64 1st edition elsevier. It is highly relevant to the question of global energy because it is a problem that arises in at least four major sources of energy. Different types of models use different input data, calibration data, and apply different processing schemes. Reservoirinduced seismicity the potential for reservoirinduced seismicity, which is the triggering of earthquakes by the physical processes that. Ten stanford professors in the departments of geophysics, energy resource engineering, earth system science and civil and environmental engineering are involved in scits see people. On the nature of reservoirinduced seismicity springerlink. Click download or read online button to get the mechanism of induced seismicity book now. For control and mitigation of induced seismicity, this document defines limits or triggers that, if activated, will initiate mitigation actions up to and including stopping injection and immediately flowing. It is not easy to predict whether a new reservoir will experience reservoir induced seismicity, because the two most important factors the state of stress and the rock strength at earthquake depths cannot be measured directly. In liquidsaturated hard rocks with low to moderate per.
The presence of free, mobile fluids in the crust and their impact on such processes has been underestimated for a long time. Induced seismicity wikimili, the free encyclopedia. The largest earthquake attributed to reservoirinduced seismicity occurred at koyna dam. Continue to develop capabilities with coupled reservoir fluid flow and geomechanical simulation codes to. This research uses observations of reservoir induced seismicity ris at acu reservoir, ne. Induced seismicity is the general term for any seismic activity caused by human activities. These damaging earthquakes have occurred in china, kariba, zambia, greece, kremasta, koyna, india, california and elsewhere. Bulletin of the seismological society of america 78, 1988. Water injection at the rangely oilfield began in 1957 in response to declining petroleum production and decreased reservoir pressures. The stanford center for induced and triggered seismicity is an industrial affiliates program on the topic of induced and triggered earthquakes. Induced seismicity resources groundwater protection council. The horizontal and vertical stress variations within most geological reservoirs are rarely identical.
Pdf this paper discusses the spatiotemporal pattern of seismicity during the impoundment of the. Seismogenic properties of the crust inferred from recent studies of reservoirinduced seismicity application to koyna. A classification of induced seismicity sciencedirect. Worldwide distribution of reservoirinduced seismicity.
Read chapter 2 types and causes of induced seismicity. Reservoir induced earthquakes, volume 64 1st edition. Induced seismicity in the uk and its relevance to shale gas hydraulic stimulation professor peter styles, applied and environmental geophysics research group. Fluidinduced seismicity is a valuable reference for researchers and graduate students working in the fields of geophysics, geology, geomechanics and petrophysics, and a practical guide for petroleum geoscientists and engineers working in the energy industry. In all cases, the materials must be prestressed to a substantial fraction of their breaking strength in order for seismicity to be induced. Review of seismichazard issues associated with the auburn dam project, sierra nevada foothills, california. Induced seismicity provides insight into why earthquake. Pdf the temporal distribution of induced seismicity following the filling of large reservoirs shows two types of response. Director of the stanford natural gas initiative and codirector of the stanford center for induced and triggered seismicity. Pdf reservoirinduced seismicity in high seismicity regiona. If viewed as largescale experiments, anthropogenic earthquake sequences may also provide opportunities to advance our understanding of earthquake processes. Review of induced seismicity in geothermal systems worldwide and implications for geothermal systems in the netherlands volume 98 loes buijze, lonneke van bijsterveldt, holger cremer, bob paap, hans veldkamp, brecht b. Pdf two types of reservoirinduced seismicity researchgate.
Among these, the reservoirinduced seismicity ris occurs when the reservoirs have. Physicsbased forecasting of manmade earthquake hazards. Induced seismicity may be caused by mechanical loads which can cause changes to the stress. Pdf natural seismicity in the netherlands is mainly confined to large faults in the south of the country.
How will induced seismicity in oklahoma respond to. Ebooks free download text file unconventional reservoir. Induced seismicity in the uk and its relevance to shale. In addition to proposed actions to address induced seismicity, research recommendations are specifically. Reservoir induced seismicitya new model, international. Included are case studies and generalizations of investigations. The mechanism of induced seismicity can be categorized based on different causes. Findings, conclusions, research, and proposed actions. The manual picking of elastic wave arrival times requires. Pdf reservoir induced seismicitya new model metin ger. The characterisation of fluid transport properties of rocks is one of the most important, yet difficult. The mechanism of induced seismicity download ebook pdf. Two types of reservoirinduced seismicity article pdf available in bulletin of the seismological society of america 786.
Review of induced seismicity in geothermal systems. Induced seismicity pageoph topical volumes induced seismicity pageoph topical volumes pdf, epub ebook d0wnl0ad a workshop on induced seismicity was organized during the 27th general assembly of the international association of seismology and physics of earths interior iaspei in wellington, new zealand during january 1021, 1994. Hsingfengkiang and other ris sites in the peoples republic of china. Induced seismicity reservoir earthquake foreshock fracture mechanics microseism seismic. Shale gas, tight oil, and induced seismicity zoback, mark d. There are now over 70 known cases of reservoirinduced earthquakes. In general, induced seismicity refers to seismic events that are a result of human activity. In agreement with the conceptual model of other studies analyzing induced seismicity in oklahoma 25, eq. His online course in reservoir geomechanics has been completed by the dragons secret. A detailed understanding of the physical processes associated with reservoir induced seismicity is required for assessing and eventually mitigating the seismic risk. A vertical well taps a conventional oil reservoir whereas a horizontal well accesses a shale reservoir for gas. Stress transfer patterns and local seismicity related to. In some cases, the isolation of a single mechanism is simple e. Uploaded fiction and nonfiction pdf unconventional reservoir geomechanics.
First, we introduce the potential triggering mechanisms of induced seismicity and then we go into the details of each of them. This is the same reason why prediction of normal noninduced earthquakes is normally unsuccessful. The workshop will frame the linkages between the geologic setting and the injection conditions that may increase risk of induced seismicity, and discuss approaches and tools for evaluating and minimizing seismic activity. Making the earth move reservoir induced seismicity is a term related to humans starting earthquakes. Earthquakes can be induced by reservoir impoundment, fluid injection, mining, or oil and gas extraction. Reservoirinduced seismicity an overview sciencedirect topics. Reservoirinduced seismicity associated with the itoiz. Reservoirinduced seismicity caused through the filling of water storage dams has historically resulted in the greatest potential. The hazard posed by induced and triggered seismicity is a growing concern, notably in the geoenergy industry, both fossil and renewable 1, 2. The temporal distribution of seismicity and reservoirinduced stresses but differ between shows a migration outward from the center of the the distinct fault zones, and 3 the seismicity. The rangely, colorado, induced seismicity experiment is an important milestone in the study of induced seismicity that firmly established the effective stress mechanism for induced seismicity.
Following further impoundment to 2008, the seismicity has. Annual reservoir variation is 36 m which results in annual seismic activity due to a. There are many different ways in which human activity can cause induced seismicity including geothermal operations, reservoir impoundment water behind dams, waste water injections, and oil and gas operations such as hydraulic fracturing. We present a hydromechanical model describing fluid injection induced seismicity.1579 1154 37 676 1510 451 923 623 80 5 1373 211 849 1257 950 1403 1326 492 1191 287 676 607 674 898 1319 99 173 279 551 825 778 1049